Aesthetic Clinic Malaysia


Eczema is a condition that makes skin red and itchy. It’s also known as atopic dermatitis, which is the most common type of eczema. “Atopic” means prone to allergy. Thus, most people with eczema have some form of allergy or asthma together with the inflamed, irritated skin.  Although this skin condition is common in children, it can occur even in adults. There are various form of eczema, which have its own triggers and symptoms. Also, some people may outgrow the condition, while others may have long lasting symptoms that flares periodically. There are various types of eczema treatment options available now to resolve the matters.

What are the Symptoms of Eczema ?

The common symptoms of eczema are dry, scaly skin, redness, itching, rough bumps on skin, leathery patches and bumps on skin that leak and crust over.


What are the Types of Eczema ?

What Are The Distribution of the Atopic Eczema ?

Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema. Most develop this condition during childhood, and it usually becomes mild or resolves by adulthood. This type of eczema is commonly associated with asthma and allergic rhinitis. Atopic dermatitis occurs as the skin’s natural protective barrier is weakened due to various factors. This makes the skin more sensitive to irritants and allergens.


Contact Dermatitis is basically an eczema that occurs when the skin comes into contact with a substance. It can be an abnormal immune reaction to a known substance such as latex  or certain metals, or when an irritant chemical or substance comes into contact with the skin. The former is known as allergic contact dermatitis and the latter called irritant contact dermatitis.


This type of eczema presents with small blisters over the hands and feet. It commonly occurs in women as compared to men.


It is similar to atopic dermatitis, however it presents with thick, scaly patches. It usually occurs in people with other forms of eczema or psoriasis.   


The word “nummular” means coin in Latin. This type of eczema causes scattered circular rash that looks like coins. It is also known as discoid eczema.


Stasis dermatitis occurs when there is poor venous circulation, especially over the lower legs. This causes fluid to leak out of the weakened veins and the leg swells up. Over time, the skin over the leg will become dry and itchy.


Asteatotic eczema, also known as xerotic eczema occurs in the elderly age group. This is generally because the skin becomes drier as a person ages. It usually starts in the lower legs, but it can appear in other body parts as well.


            The location of the rash also differs based on age of presentation.


What Are The Causes of Atopic Eczema?

  • Exposure environmental factors such as allergens and irritants
  • Immunological factors such abnormal immune response to triggers
  • Genetic factors

How To Control Flare Up?

Here are a few ways you can reduce the number and severity of eczema outbreaks:

  • Apply cool compresses over the inflamed skin
  • Moisturize skin daily with emollients to form a protective barrier for the skin
  • Gently blot skin dry after coming out of the shower. Do not rub the skin
  • Avoid scratching the rash as it could cause a skin breach which may lead to infection
  • Use fragrance-free products
  • Wear gloves when handling any potential irritants
  • Wear loose fitting clothes that are made from soft materials, such as cotton.

Treatment options for Eczema:

You should seek medical treatment if the itching and redness over the skin doesn’t resolve although all the preventive measures have been taken. Try to identify your daily activities that cause an eczema flare-up. Thus, this information would help our doctor to pinpoint triggers that may be associated with it. Additionally, our doctor would also do an allergen test to identify the substance that triggers the eczema so that you can avoid them. Once assessed, treatments such as topical application of creams and ointments may be prescribed based on your condition. Immune modulating treatment may also be started to control the flares.

To find out more about Eczema and the treatment options available at NextMed Clinic, please do contact us at +6011-3341-0688 or enquiry@nextmedasia.com or visit any of our branches in Petaling Jaya, Cheras and Setia Alam.

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